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To ensure Microsoft Defender Antivirus cloud-delivered protection works properly, your security team must configure your network to allow connections between your endpoints and certain Microsoft servers. This article lists the connections that must be allowed, such as by using firewall rules, and provides instructions for validating your connection. Configuring your protection properly helps ensure that you receive the best value from your cloud-delivered protection services.

See the blog post Important changes to Microsoft Active Protection Services endpoint for some details about network connectivity.

 Tip

Visit the Microsoft Defender for Endpoint demo website at demo.wd.microsoft.com to confirm the following features are working:

  • Cloud-delivered protection
  • Fast learning (including block at first sight)
  • Potentially unwanted application blocking

Allow connections to the Microsoft Defender Antivirus cloud service

The Microsoft Defender Antivirus cloud service provides fast, strong protection for your endpoints. Enabling the cloud-delivered protection service is optional, however it’s highly recommended because it provides important protection against malware on your endpoints and across your network. See Enable cloud-delivered protection for details on enabling the service with Intune, Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Group Policy, PowerShell cmdlets, or on individual clients in the Windows Security app.

After you’ve enabled the service, you might need to configure your network or firewall to allow connections between it and your endpoints. Because your protection is a cloud service, computers must have access to the internet and reach the Microsoft Defender for Office 365 machine learning services. Don’t exclude the URL *.blob.core.windows.net from any kind of network inspection.

Discover More help  Get started with app threat detection and remediation (Microsoft)

 Note

The Microsoft Defender Antivirus cloud service is a mechanism for delivering updated protection to your network and endpoints. Although it’s called a cloud service, it’s not simply protection for files stored in the cloud, rather it uses distributed resources and machine learning to deliver protection to your endpoints at a rate that is far faster than traditional Security intelligence updates.

Services and URLs

The table in this section lists the services and their associated website addresses (URLs).

Make sure that there are no firewall or network filtering rules denying access to these URLs. Otherwise, you might need to create an allow rule specifically for them (excluding the URL *.blob.core.windows.net). The URLs in the following table use port 443 for communication.

SERVICES AND URLS
Service and description URL
Microsoft Defender Antivirus cloud-delivered protection service, also referred to as Microsoft Active Protection Service (MAPS)This service is used by Microsoft Defender Antivirus to provide cloud-delivered protection *.wdcp.microsoft.com*.wdcpalt.microsoft.com

*.wd.microsoft.com

Microsoft Update Service (MU) and Windows Update Service (WU)These services allow for security intelligence and product updates *.update.microsoft.com*.delivery.mp.microsoft.com

*.windowsupdate.com

For more details, see Connection endpoints for Windows Update

Security intelligence updates Alternate Download Location (ADL)This is an alternate location for Microsoft Defender Antivirus Security intelligence updates if the installed Security intelligence is out of date (7 or more days behind) *.download.microsoft.com*.download.windowsupdate.com

go.microsoft.com

https://fe3cr.delivery.mp.microsoft.com/ClientWebService/client.asmx

Malware submission storageThis is the upload location for files submitted to Microsoft via the Submission form or automatic sample submission ussus1eastprod.blob.core.windows.netussus2eastprod.blob.core.windows.net

ussus3eastprod.blob.core.windows.net

ussus4eastprod.blob.core.windows.net

wsus1eastprod.blob.core.windows.net

wsus2eastprod.blob.core.windows.net

ussus1westprod.blob.core.windows.net

ussus2westprod.blob.core.windows.net

ussus3westprod.blob.core.windows.net

ussus4westprod.blob.core.windows.net

wsus1westprod.blob.core.windows.net

wsus2westprod.blob.core.windows.net

usseu1northprod.blob.core.windows.net

wseu1northprod.blob.core.windows.net

usseu1westprod.blob.core.windows.net

wseu1westprod.blob.core.windows.net

ussuk1southprod.blob.core.windows.net

wsuk1southprod.blob.core.windows.net

ussuk1westprod.blob.core.windows.net

wsuk1westprod.blob.core.windows.net

Certificate Revocation List (CRL)This list is used by Windows when creating the SSL connection to MAPS for updating the CRL http://www.microsoft.com/pkiops/crl/http://www.microsoft.com/pkiops/certs

http://crl.microsoft.com/pki/crl/products

http://www.microsoft.com/pki/certs

Symbol StoreThe symbol store is used by Microsoft Defender Antivirus to restore certain critical files during remediation flows https://msdl.microsoft.com/download/symbols
Universal Telemetry ClientThis client is used by Windows to send client diagnostic data

Microsoft Defender Antivirus uses telemetry for product quality monitoring purposes

The update uses SSL (TCP Port 443) to download manifests and upload diagnostic data to Microsoft that uses the following DNS endpoints:vortex-win.data.microsoft.com

settings-win.data.microsoft.com

Validate connections between your network and the cloud

After allowing the URLs listed above, you can test if you’re connected to the Microsoft Defender Antivirus cloud service and are correctly reporting and receiving information to ensure you’re fully protected.

Use the cmdline tool to validate cloud-delivered protection

Use the following argument with the Microsoft Defender Antivirus command-line utility (mpcmdrun.exe) to verify that your network can communicate with the Microsoft Defender Antivirus cloud service:

Console

"%ProgramFiles%\Windows Defender\MpCmdRun.exe" -ValidateMapsConnection

 Note

You need to open an administrator-level version of the command prompt. Right-click the item in the Start menu, click Run as administrator and click Yes at the permissions prompt. This command will only work on Windows 10, version 1703 or higher, or Windows 11.

For more information, see Manage Microsoft Defender Antivirus with the mpcmdrun.exe commandline tool.

Attempt to download a fake malware file from Microsoft

You can download a sample file that Microsoft Defender Antivirus will detect and block if you’re properly connected to the cloud.

Download the file by visiting https://aka.ms/ioavtest.

 Note

This file is not an actual piece of malware. It’s a fake file that is designed to test if you’re properly connected to the cloud.

If you’re properly connected, you’ll see a warning Microsoft Defender Antivirus notification.

If you’re using Microsoft Edge, you’ll also see a notification message:

Screenshot of notification that malware was found in Edge.

A similar message occurs if you’re using Internet Explorer:

Microsoft Defender AV notification that malware was found.

You’ll also see a detection under Quarantined threats in the Scan history section in the Windows Security app:

  1. Open the Windows Security app by clicking the shield icon in the task bar or searching the start menu for Security.
  2. Select Virus & threat protection, and then select Protection history.
  3. Under the Quarantined threats section, select See full history to see the detected fake malware.

     Note

    Versions of Windows 10 before version 1703 have a different user interface. See Microsoft Defender Antivirus in the Windows Security app.

    The Windows event log will also show Windows Defender client event ID 1116.

Source : Official Microsoft Brand
Editor by : BEST Antivirus KBS Team

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